Education Funding

K-12 Education Funding Framework

Funding for K-12 education in Alberta is provided primarily on a per student basis. The funding framework allocates funding to school authorities based on the location of the school authority and its schools and local population characteristics.

The current funding framework is distributed through base instruction funding. Additional funding is supported for unique characteristics such as the number of English as a second language learners, the socio-economic status of the local population, and for geographic location (i.e. Northern Allowance).

Funding to school authorities is also provided through targeted funding for provincial initiatives, other provincial support, and capital funding. The majority of the funding framework grants is flexible, meaning school authorities have the discretion to use these funds to meet the needs of their students.

The Funding Manual provides details of the funding formula and allocation approach for the school year.

More information on funding, changes for 2019/2020, funding Handbooks by year, and funding rates for public, private and ECS is available on the Alberta Education funding framework webpage, as well as education projected operational funding.

The education property tax provides Alberta's education system with a stable and sustainable source of revenue. The tax supports all public and separate school students and helps pay for basic instruction costs including teacher salaries, textbooks and other classroom resources.

Funding to the Kindergarten to Grade 12 education system comes from 2 revenue sources:

  • general provincial revenues
  • education property taxes

Pooling the education property tax in the Alberta School Foundation Fund (ASFF) ensures that students receive a quality education no matter where they live.

All property owners pay the education property tax (with some exceptions, such as non-profit organizations and seniors' lodge facilities). People who rent or lease property may also contribute indirectly through their monthly rent or lease payments. As the education system benefits everyone, people without children in school also pay the education property tax.