First Peoples of Alberta

 “We acknowledge that we are on traditional territories in Alberta of the many First Nations, Métis, and Inuit whose footsteps have marked these lands for centuries.”

In Alberta there are:

  • 45 First Nations in three treaty areas
  • 140 reserves
  • Approximately 812,771 hectares of reserve land

The most commonly spoken First Nations languages are:
Blackfoot; Cree; Chipewyan; Dene; Tsuut'ina; and Stoney (Nakoda Sioux)

Treaty 8

  • Signed at Lesser Slave Lake in 1899
  • Covers portions of northern Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan and part of Northwest Territories
  • 24 Alberta First Nations

Treaty 6

  • Signed at Carlton and Fort Pitt in 1876
  • Covers central Alberta and Saskatchewan
  • 17 Alberta First Nations

Treaty 7

  • Signed at the Blackfoot Crossing of Bow River and Fort Macleod in 1877
  • Covers southern Alberta
  • 5 Alberta First Nations

The Story of Aboriginal Education in Alberta